events, human rights, News Highlights, solidarity, Virtual Forum, women & girls, Womens issues

ūüéôÔłŹGrassroots Feminism in El Salvador – A Virtual Forum Invite

ūüéôÔłŹ
Prevention, Attention and Activism:
Grassroots Feminism in El Salvador
 

SEPTEMBER 29  |  7PM (El Salvador) 
¬† ¬† ¬†Join us this week¬†for a¬†conversation with the¬†Moraz√°n Women’s Network, a regionally and internationally recognized organization for its impeccable work to promote equality and eliminate discrimination and violence against women in their region and beyond.

~ Prevention 
The work The Network is doing around youth development, drawing on both the ECHO model and popular education, to increase self-esteem and self-worth while preparing these young women to identify, confront and reject gender-based violence.

~ Attention
The work The Network is doing in the area of comprehensive accompaniment of victims and their families, with special attention to trauma-informed care programs and their real-life impacts.

~ Activism
The work The Network is doing in the area of providing legal aid, legal advocacy, and victim’s rights activism as well as the current reality of justice and the hopes for the future.
—–
You can join Thursday’s conversation via Zoom by pre-registering for an access code @¬†bit.ly/3cZAbQl¬†or watch it live on¬†Facebook.
OUR PANEL
Melida Avila РVice President; Social Work and Healing
+
Idalia Claros¬†– Secretary; Advocacy and Victim’s Accompaniment
+
Martiza Argueta РTreasurer; Sex-Ed and Youth Development


Simultaneous english interpretation will be available via the Zoom meeting.
A recording of the event will be made available.
Community News, El Salvador Government, events, News Highlights

THE LARGEST MARCH AGAINST NAYIB BUKELE’S GOVERNMENT

LEER EN ESPA√ĎOL

[Reuters]

On September 15, the same date as the Bicentennial commemoration of Central America’s independence, thousands of Salvadorans took to the streets of San Salvador to express their rejection of different political decisions recently made by the government of President Nayib Bukele.

“No to presidential re-election!”, “No to bitcoin!”, “No to militarization!”, “No to dictatorship!”, “No to corruption!” and “We demand respect for human rights!” were the most common messages seen on the banners carried by protesters.

But the most forcefully expressed demand, both on the banners and the loudspeakers, was the rejection of the adoption of bitcoin as legal tender in El Salvador. Last June, Bukele sent a proposal to the Legislative Assembly to adopt this cryptocurrency in the country. In response and without further analysis, the Assembly, controlled by the official party, approved a law that establishes that all economic agents must accept bitcoin as a form of payment.

On Tuesday, September 7, said law came into effect, despite its unpopularity. In a survey conducted by the Central American University (UCA) in August, 95.9% of the population believed that the adoption of bitcoin should be voluntary. This study also revealed that more than half of the population, 54.3%, believed that the prices of basic foodstuffs would increase with the introduction of bitcoin as legal tender. In addition, different social organizations expressed their concern over the fact that bitcoin is an extremely volatile cryptocurrency.

Protesters also showed their contempt for the dismissal of judges over 60 years of age. On September 1, the Legislative Assembly approved another controversial law, a reform to the law of the judicial career that establishes the mandatory retirement of judges who are 60 years of age or 30 years of service. Up until September 1, there was no age limit to be a judge.

According to the administration, the justification for this reform is the purification of the judicial system by removing corrupt judges, however many suggest that the hidden purpose is the control of the judicial body by the executive since the more than 200 vacant positions will be filled by judges aligned with the interests of the ruling party.

One of the judges to be dismissed under this reform, is Jorge Guzm√°n, the investigating judge of San Francisco Gotera, who is hearing the case of El Mozote, which is in its final stage.

According to David Morales, a notable victims’ and human rights attorney, “this dismissal of Judge Guzm√°n will directly affect the State’s obligation to carry out, without obstacles, the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for the massacre of El Mozote.”

Another clear reason for the protest was the resolution of the Constitutional Chamber, issued on September 3, which enables the re-election of the president.

“This decision allows immediate presidential re-election and is clearly contrary to the Salvadoran Constitution, which establishes that immediate re-election is not allowed,” remarked Jean Manes, ambassador to El Salvador (2016-2019) and who now heads the US diplomatic representation in the country.

On this same topic, Ricardo Navarro, a renowned environmentalist, during the march told the press: “Before there was a decent Constitutional Chamber, now there is a room that is a branch of the Presidency of the Republic.”

As expected, the march did not go unnoticed by the government. That same evening, the president spent a few minutes on radio and television networks attempting to downplay it, as his closest officials flooded the social networks with messages hoping to minimize the protest.

Despite the official narrative, the images speak for themselves. They show that this was the largest demonstration carried out against the Bukele administration. There is no doubt that despite citizen approval of the government remains high, decisions such as the bitcoin law, reforms to the judicial career law, and presidential re-election have activated the emotions and feelings of a good part of the citizenry, which this time legitimately expressed themselves in the streets.

Learn more at our upcoming Virtual Forum: Bitcoin in El Salvador and its Impacts


[El Faro]

LA MARCHA M√ĀS GRANDE CONTRA EL GOBIERNO DE NAYIB BUKELE

El pasado 15 de septiembre, la misma fecha en que se conmemor√≥ el Bicentenario de la independencia de Centroam√©rica, miles de salvadore√Īos y salvadore√Īas se tomaron las calles de San Salvador para manifestar su rechazo a diferentes decisiones pol√≠ticas, tomadas por el gobierno del presidente Nayib Bukele, en los √ļltimos meses.

“No a la reelecci√≥n presidencial‚ÄĚ, ‚Äúno al bitcoin‚ÄĚ, ‚Äúno a la militarizaci√≥n‚ÄĚ, ‚Äúno a la dictadura”, “no a la corrupci√≥n” y ‚Äúexigimos respeto a los derechos humanos‚ÄĚ eran los mensajes m√°s frecuentes en las pancartas que portaban los manifestantes.

Pero la demanda expresada con más fuerza, tanto en las pancartas como en los altavoces, era el rechazo a la adopción del bitcoin como moneda de curso legal en El Salvador. El pasado mes de junio Bukele envió una propuesta a la Asamblea Legislativa para adoptar esta criptomoneda en el país. En respuesta y sin mayor análisis la Asamblea, controlada por el partido oficial, aprobó una ley que establece que todos los agentes económicos deberán aceptar el bitcoin como forma de pago.

El martes 7 de septiembre entr√≥ en vigencia dicha ley, a√ļn con el desacuerdo, mayoritariamente, de la poblaci√≥n. En una encuesta realizada por la Universidad Centroamericana, en el mes de agosto, el 95.9% de la poblaci√≥n opin√≥ que el uso del bitcoin deber√≠a ser voluntario. Dicho estudio tambi√©n revela que m√°s de la mitad de la poblaci√≥n, el 54.3%, sostiene que los precios de los productos b√°sicos aumentar√°n con el uso del bitcoin como moneda de curso legal. Adem√°s, diferentes organizaciones sociales sostienen que se trata de una criptomoneda que tiene una extrema volatilidad.

Tambi√©n, se protest√≥ contra la destituci√≥n de los jueces de m√°s de 60 a√Īos de edad. El 01 de septiembre la Asamblea Legislativa aprob√≥ otra pol√©mica ley, una reforma a la ley de la carrera judicial que establece el retiro obligatorio de jueces que tengan 60 a√Īos de edad o 30 a√Īos de servicio. Hasta ahora no hab√≠a l√≠mite de edad para ser juez.

El argumento para esta reforma es la depuración del sistema judicial apartando a los jueces corruptos; no obstante, hay reiteradas denuncias que el propósito oculto es el control del órgano judicial por parte del ejecutivo, pues las más de 200 plazas vacantes serán ocupadas por jueces alineados a los intereses del oficialismo.

Uno de los juzgadores que sería cesado con la entrada en vigencia de esta reforma es el juez de Instrucción de San Francisco Gotera, Jorge Guzmán, quien conoce el caso de El Mozote, el cuál se encuentra en su etapa final.

De acuerdo con David Morales, abogado de las víctimas y ex procurador de Derechos Humanos de El Salvador, esta separación del juez Guzmán directamente estará afectando la obligación del Estado de llevar adelante, sin obstáculos, la investigación y enjuiciamiento de los responsables de la masacre de El Mozote.

Otra fuerte razón de la protesta fue la resolución de la Sala de lo Constitucional, emitida el 03 de septiembre, en la que se habilita la reelección del presidente.

‚ÄúEsta decisi√≥n permite la reelecci√≥n presidencial inmediata y es claramente contraria a la Constituci√≥n salvadore√Īa, que establece que la reelecci√≥n inmediata no est√° permitida‚ÄĚ, expres√≥ Jean Manes, embajadora en El Salvador entre 2016 y 2019 y quien ahora encabeza la representaci√≥n diplom√°tica estadounidense en el pa√≠s.
Sobre este mismo tema, Ricardo Navarro, un reconocido ambientalista, durante la marcha expres√≥ a la prensa: “Antes hab√≠a una Sala de lo Constitucional decente, ahora hay una sala que es una sucursal de la presidencia de la rep√ļblica”

Como era de esperar la marcha no pasó desapercibida para el gobierno, por la noche, el presidente dedicó algunos minutos, en una cadena de radio y televisión, para restarle importancia, así mismo sus funcionarios más cercanos inundaron las redes sociales de mensajes con el propósito de minimizar la protesta.

Pero las imágenes muestran claramente que fue la manifestación más grande realizada contra la administración Bukele y aunque la aprobación ciudadana al gobierno sigue siendo alta, no hay duda que las decisiones como la ley bitcoin, las reformas a la ley de la carrera judicial y la reelección presidencial han activado emociones y sentimientos de una buena parte de la ciudadanía, que esta vez se expresó legítimamente en las calles.

Aprende más en nuestro próximo Foro Virtual: Bitcoin en El Salvador y sus impactos

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